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Policy Papers

 

2014 Papers

 

Canada, the Arctic Council, Greenpeace,and Arctic Oil Drilling: Complicating an Already Complicated Picture

by Rob Huebert

Canada and the Arctic Council find themselves facing one of their greatest challenges - supporting economic development for people of the north while protecting the fragile environment of the Arctic. 2014 will bring the possibility of exploratory drilling for oil off the northern coasts of Russia, the United States, Canada and Greenland. Opposition to development is strongest in non-northern locations, and is increasingly represented by environmental NGOs such as Greenpeace. This issue, to develop or not to develop, is poised to become the most divisive issue facing the Arctic states in coming years.

 

L’Indonésie, ce géant aux pieds d’argile

by Ferry de Kerckhove

A new report from Ferry de Kerckhove investigates Indonesia's ability to find unity in its diversity, but the country is threatened by lack of political leadership, economic disparity and weakening law enforcement. The country is eager to reform, though and is making changes to its raw mineral export process and prioritizing transportation infrastructure. Their commitment to reform has also given Indonesia the ability to play a larger role on the international scene with the G-20 and ASEAN.

 

Prioritizing Defence Industry Capabilities: Lessons for Canada from Australia

by Craig Stone

A new Policy Update, produced in partnership with the School of Public Policy at the University of Calgary, argues that Canada has much to learn from the Australian's on how to reform both its defence procurement process and relationship with defence industry. Craig Stone, Director of Academics with the Canadian Forces College, examines Australia's approach to establishing a defence industry policy with a set of Priority Industry Capabilities and how that policy connects with military procurement in order to identify those lessons that might be useful for Canada.

 

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2013 Papers

 

Canada and International Organizations: Time for a Review

by Ferry de Kerckhove

Ferry de Kerckhove, Distinguished Fellow of CDFAI and Canada's former Ambassador to Indonesia and Egypt, reviews Canada's approach to engaging in multilateral organizations. He concludes that there is a need for a broad review of the international organizations Canada belongs to, starting with their objectives and mandates and then running through the way they perform their roles and deliver their contributions.

 

Diplomacy, Globalization and Heteropolarity: The Challenge of Adaptation

by Daryl Copeland

Daryl Copeland argues that Canada will never achieve its international policy objectives via armed force and must refocus on its diplomatic capacity to live up to its potential and have a much greater impact on the global community.

 

Exigences of Future Deployments: What Canada Must Exact from its Military Partners

by Hugh Segal and Jessica McLean

A new report from Senator Hugh Segal, chair of the Senate Special Committee on Anit-Terrorism and Jessica McLean, a former political staffer of the Canadian Embassy in Ankara, argues that not only must Canada have a clear set of purposes and areas of responsibilities when involved in military deployments, it must ask "why us" before committing to putting boots on the ground.  

 

Homegrown Jihadists and the Evolution of al-Qaeda

by Barry Cooper

A new paper from Barry Cooper, CDFAI Senior Fellow and a professor of political science at the University of Calgary shows that an accurate assessment of the threat posed by al-Qaeda to Western interests and governments has been hampered by imprecise language and an absence of historical memory; however, we need to maintain a realistic understanding of the reduced nature of the threat that al-Qaeda can make to our interests.  

 

How Should Canada's Parliament Decide Military Deployments? Lessons from the United Kingdom

by Philippe Lagassé

Philippe Lagassé, CDFAI Fellow and associate professor of Public and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa examines whether Canada should follow the British example, granting members of Parliament control over the executive's power to deploy the armed forces by means of a constitutional convention. He concludes that Canada's existing practice has many advantages, and that Canadian parliamentarians should be mindful of the risks and costs involved in adopting a constitutional convention to control the executive's military deployment prerogative.    


Is NATO Still Necessary for Canada?
by J.L. Granatstein
A new report from Distinguished Research Fellow J.L. Granatstein says that it is necessary to take a hard look at NATO and ask whether or not it continues to serve our political or military needs?

 

North Korea, Ballistic Missile Defence and Canada-US Defence Cooperation

by Frank Harvey
Frank Harvey examines Canada's policy towards ballistic missile defence, especially in light of NATO's introduction of its new Strategic Concept which requires all NATO members to develop the technologies to defend against missile attack. He concludes that Canada's commitments in this area has been to set back and let Canadian allies defend Canadian territory and populations and that this strategy is on the verge of taking free-riding to a dangerous new level.


The Case for RAIPON: Implications for Canada and the Arctic Council

by Ron Wallace

Ron Wallace, Senior Fellow of the Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute, investigates the concerns that should be top-of-mind for Canada as it takes over the chairmanship of the Arctic Council this year - including Russia's treatment of their indigenous peoples' interests.

 

The Digital Diplomacy Revolution: Why is Canada Lagging Behind?

by Roland Paris

A new report from Roland Paris, CDFAI Senior Fellow and Director of the Centre for International Policy Studies with the University of Ottawa, concludes that as Canada continues to lag behind in the digital revolution of diplomacy its voice will also progressively fade in international affairs, along with its influence.

 

The Salafist Winter: Aiding Post-Conflict Statebuilding in Egypt, Tunisia and Libya

by Hrach Gregorian

A new paper from CDFAI Senior Fellow and President of the Institute of World Affairs, Hrach Gregorian, investigates the aftermath of the Arab Spring and the major structural adjustment challenges that Egypt, Tunisia and Libya are faced with. He concludes that international actors must be supportive of locally generated solutions, as well as sensitive to foreign intervention, but most importantly engagements need to be over a long enough

period of time to decrease the likelihood of political and economic backsliding.  

 

The United States in the Early 21st Century: Decline or Renewal?
by Abraham F. Lowenthal

In a new Policy Paper, Abraham Lowenthal, Professor emeritus of International Relations at the University of Southern California, examines the bitter impasse in Washington that resulted in the 16-day shutdown of the government. This shut down demonstrated that the United States faces serious problems. These issues are not only political, but also economic and social, and have been left to fester for years with no signs of a resolution.

 

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2012 Papers

 

A Short Primer to Canada and the UN

by Colin Roberson

 

Asia-Pacific: Let’s Get Back in the Ring

by Hugh Stephens

In answer to the question, is it time for Canada to reorient itself from a predominately Euro-centric nation to a nation with a more significant Asia Pacific presence? Hugh Stephens, Principal of Trans-Pacific Connections, says yes - and the time to act is now.  

 

Defence After the Recession
by David Perry

This Policy Paper, from David Perry, concludes that cuts to defence spending in the 2012 Federal Budget will target operations and maintenance and it will be necessary to restore the balance between personnel, equipment, infrastructure and readiness sooner, rather than later as preserving "hollow" forces lacking the requisite operations and maintenance funding to conduct operations will make little sense over time.   

 

Should Brazil be "Special" for Canada?

by Jean Daudelin

In this new paper policy paper, Jean Daudelin, Assistant Professor with the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, examines Brazil's place in the world. As Brazil emerges as a relatively powerful and influential global player, shouldn't Canada try to build that increasingly fluid relationship into a strategic partnership? Daudelin concludes that such an option has little appeal and in fact few chances of success.

 

 

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2011 Papers

 

Budget 2011: Restraining Growth in Defence Spending

by Brian MacDonald

In this Policy Paper Brian Macdonald, President of Strategic Insight Planning and Communications, contends that the deep seated fear of massive cuts to defence spending being felt within the defence community may be exaggerated. Instead the 2011 budget will seek to prioritize defence spending without slashing the budget.

 

Farewell to the GWOT: What we Learned from the Global War on Terror

by Brian Flemming

In a new Policy Paper, Brian Flemming, Founding CEO and Chair of CATSA and founding member of the Federal Government’s Advisory Council on National Security, as well as Research Fellow with the Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute, examines the repercussions of the Global War on Terror.

 

Foreign Policy in the Election
by Derek Burney

This new Policy Paper, from CDFAI Senior Research Fellow Derek Burney, contends that foreign policy rarely plays a major role in Canadian elections and 2011 will be no exception. He stipulates that the major differentiation between the Liberals and the Conservatives will be on the purchase of new fighter aircraft, but regardless of the election "the main lines of Canadian foreign policy – the primacy of Canada-US relations, the need for greater attention to the Emerging Power and the perennial pursuit for balance between promoting values and defending interests – are unlikely to change significantly"

 

Getting Past the Bilateral-Trilateral Debate: A Pragmatic Functionalist Approach to North America by Brian Bow

Brian Bow, Associate Professor of Political Science at Dalhousie University, reviews and rejects some of the most common arguments for greater engagement with Mexico and trilateral diplomacy.  

 

Marshall Plan Needed for Middle East
by Michael Bell

A new Policy Paper from Michael Bell, the Paul Martin Senior Scholar on International Diplomacy with the University of Windsor, investigates the profound change that is taking place in the Middle East at this time. He reminds the West that it will be essential to our own interests, and theirs, to provide aid and assistance as the region faces a gamut of challenges.    

 

The New Terrorism: Understanding Yemen
by David Carment

In this new Policy Paper, David Carment, CDFAI  Research Fellow, reviews the situation in Yemen. Carment offers an explanation for the current turmoil within the region and suggests that if something is not done to bring stability to the region soon, the state will soon fail

 

The Panda Bear Readies to Meet the Polar Bear: China Debates and Formulates Foreign Policy Towards Arctic Affairs and Canada’s Arctic Sovereignty 
by David Curtis Wright  

A new Policy Paper from Dr. David Curtis Wright, CDFAI Research Fellow and Associate Professor in the Department of History at the University of Calgary, shows that China is now the latest major country to be annoyed with Canada over the Northwest Passage. With China's meteoric rise in the back of the minds of most world leaders, Canada must be aware of the impact China's Arctic policy will have on our country.   

  

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Monthly Column

 

March 2014
Canada needs a realistic foreign policy

by J. L. Granatstein



New from Colin Robertson

  Now Available
Have the West’s actions encouraged the world’s rogues?

by Colin Robertson


The Dispatch

 

Now Available
Spring 2014
Edition of
The Dispatch



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